Kos belongs to Dodecanese, with the capital of the island being Kos which is also the main port of the island. It is an island rich in historical monuments and presents remarkable archaeological and touristic interest. It is also called the “island of Hippocrates” the father of medicine because he was born there. Today’s Kos is a contemporary touristic island with many possibilities regarding accommodation, food, sports, trips, entertainment. The most remarkable element that characterises the island is the endless bike lanes and that’s why very often Kos is called as the island of bike.
An important archaeological place of the island is the ruins of the ancient town with the Hellenistic and Roman buildings near the port. In this area there are parts of the Ancient Agora(4th-5th century BC) the Big Stoa (Kamara of Foros) and other smaller galleries with sanctuaries dedicated to Dionissos, Afrodite and Hercules. Equally important is the Archaeological Museum which includes a collection of prehistoric findings, Hellenistic sculptures and classical small statuesof Aphrodite, Erica, Dimitrios, Hippocrates, inscriptions and mosaic with presentations and architectural marble places of churches and buildings. The most imposing monument of Ippotokratiaof the island is the knight’s castle, built on the right side of the port. It is preserved in a very good condition and consists a classical sample imposing defensive of its era. Three km southeast of the village Pili and almost 17 km from the town of Kos in an altitude of 300 metres, there are the ruins of medieval settlement “Old Pili” known as “Mistras of Dodecanese”. The Byzantine settlement, built in a natural fortified position and protected from a strong castle on the top of a steep height, dates back at least since the 11th century AD.
Apart from the vast historic legacy, Kos offers numerous beaches for every preference and every taste. The most known beach of the island is Paradise beach at the south west side of the island. Its name isn’t random at all since the fine golden sand and the crystal clear blue waters turned it into a real paradise. The dives are wonderfully combined with the local sea delicacies from the traditional taverns of the area.
One of the most beautiful beaches of the island is Agios Theologos, who is 7 km south west of Kefalos. Its name was taken by the isolated chapel that lies nearby. Its endless coast is ideal for sunbathing and games as well as water sports. Other beaches that are ideal for diving is Limnionas, in a quiet bay ideal for total relaxation, Kochilari or else the paradise of kitesurfers and many more.